Kuala Lumpur International Airport is located on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is affiliated with the Malaysia Airports Group. It is a 4F-level international airport and one of the important aviation hubs in Southeast Asia. Since it was put into use in 1998, it has 2 terminals and 3 independent runways, which can meet the needs of 75 million passengers per year, making it the largest airport for passenger and cargo transportation in Malaysia. According to the official website of Malaysia Airports Group, Kuala Lumpur International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Malaysia. Today, the airport provides services to more than 60 airlines around the world. The airport has direct flights to more than 120 regions. The routes it operates mainly go to Southeast Asia and the Middle East. , South Asia and Northeast Asia. This article will analyze the transportation business of Kuala Lumpur International Airport from three aspects: transportation scale, route network, and operating airlines.
1. The scale of passenger transportation
From 2015 to 2019, the passenger throughput of Kuala Lumpur International Airport increased year by year. In 2020, due to the impact of the epidemic, the passenger throughput dropped significantly. In 2019, the passenger throughput of the airport reached a peak of 62.336 million in the past five years. In 2020, the passenger throughput decreased to 13.156 million, a decrease of 78.9%. According to the 2020 Annual Report of Malaysia Airports Group, in 2020, Kuala Lumpur International Airport will be dominated by international passengers, with an international passenger transport scale of about 8.2 million and a domestic passenger transport scale of about 4.92 million.
2. Freight service transportation scale
From 2015 to 2020, the cargo and mail throughput of KLIA's cargo service fluctuated greatly. In 2015, the cargo and mail throughput was 726,200 tons, reaching the peak of the airport's cargo and mail throughput in the past five years. However, in 2016, the cargo and mail throughput began to decline by 11.5%. Neither surpassed the 2015 peak. In 2019, the airport's cargo and mail throughput was 687,200 tons, a decrease of 3.8%. In 2020, affected by the epidemic, the airport's cargo and mail throughput dropped to 505,200 tons, a decrease of 26.5%. According to the 2020 annual report of Malaysia Airports Group, most of the cargo and mail transported by the airport in 2020 will be international cargo and mail. It accounted for 14.9% of the total annual cargo and mail throughput.
3. Flight take-offs and landings
From 2015 to 2019, the number of flights taking off and landing at Kuala Lumpur International Airport increased year by year, but the growth rate has not been high. In 2019, the number of airport flight movements reached a peak of 408,400 in recent years, with a growth rate of 12.6%. In 2020, due to the impact of the epidemic, the number of flight movements dropped significantly, and the number of airport flights dropped to 125,200, a decrease of 69.3%. %.
4. Route network
From 2012 to 2021, Kuala Lumpur Airport will be mainly used in international areas. From 2012 to 2020, the number of navigation points showed an overall growth trend, and only decreased in 2018. In 2021, the international epidemic will prevail, and the number of navigation points in domestic areas will increase from 15 in 2020 to 16, and the number of navigation points in international areas will decrease from 136 in 2020 to 67. From 2012 to 2021, the international area of KLIA's navigation is mainly in Southeast Asia, followed by Northeast Asia and South Asia.
5. Operating Airlines
Air Asia (AK) and Malaysia Airlines (MH) are the main operating airlines of Kuala Lumpur Airport. From 2019 to 2020, the structure of the airport operating airlines is relatively stable. AirAsia has invested more than 35% of its capacity at Kuala Lumpur Airport, and Malaysia Airlines has invested nearly 25% of its capacity at Kuala Lumpur Airport. The two airlines have invested 70% of the total capacity of Kuala Lumpur Airport. AirAsia X (D7) and Malindo Air (OD) are operating less than 10% of their capacity at KLIA.
Judging from the aviation market of Kuala Lumpur International Airport in recent years, before the outbreak of the epidemic, the airport was in good development, especially the steady increase in passenger throughput and flight movements. International passenger and cargo transportation accounted for a large proportion of their transportation business. The airport ranked 12th in the world in the "OAG Large Hub Airport International Index" in 2019, and the airport service quality ASQ score in 2019 was 4.76. At the same time, the airport is also actively working with airlines to continuously optimize problems such as check-in counter congestion and improper baggage handling. Further, improve service quality.
However, after the outbreak of the epidemic, the airport's air transportation business
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