In order to further reduce the risk of lithium battery transportation, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) revised the Technical Instructions for the Safe Air Transport of Dangerous Goods at the meeting of the Dangerous Goods Expert Working Group from May 24 to 28, 2021. In the published 2022 edition of the Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR 63 edition), the International Air Transport Association (IATA) has also removed Part II provisions on the separate transportation of lithium batteries and set a transition period to March 31, 2022 day.
From April 1, 2022, lithium batteries can only be transported separately by air in accordance with the requirements of PI965 IA/PI965 IB or PI968 IA/PI968 IB. Packages that originally meet the requirements of Part II with the Cargo Aircraft Only Label and the Lithium Battery Marking will no longer be transported. This change does not apply to air transport contained in or packaged with equipment, there are no changes to ADR (road), RID (rail), or IMDG (Sea) regulations.
Under Article IA, the shipper is required to identify the lithium battery hazard label and the cargo aircraft only label; while under Article IB, the lithium battery hazard label, the cargo aircraft only label, and the lithium battery marking are required; and these labels and markings must be Complies with dimensional requirements specified by IATA. This means that many lithium-ion battery packs will have to be made larger to allow enough space for labels, markings, and other information.
Shippers who previously prepared packages in accordance with the requirements of 965-II/968-II should adjust the packaging methods, labels, and markings in a timely manner in accordance with the latest regulations, and prepare sufficient information to ensure that lithium batteries are compliant and smoothly transported by air.
Lithium batteries are classified as Class 9 dangerous goods in air transportation. Due to the characteristics of their own materials, improper operation during transportation may cause the danger of fire and explosion. According to regulations, lithium batteries need to be tested according to the requirements of Section 38.3 of Part III of the United Nations Manual of Tests and Criteria, and lithium batteries that pass the test can only be transported in combination with other regulatory requirements. Lithium batteries with safety defects, recalled by the manufacturer for safety reasons, or discarded lithium batteries for recycling or disposal are prohibited from being transported by air.
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